Meshech; Mesech

mē ́shek, mē ́sek (משׁך, meshekh, “long,” “tall”; Μόσοχ, Mósoch): Son of Japheth (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5; 1:17 is a scribal error for “Mash”; compare Genesis 10:22, 10:23). His descendants and their dwelling-place (probably somewhere in the neighborhood of armenia (Herodotus iii. 94)) seem to be regarded in Scripture as synonyms for the barbaric and remote (Psalms 120:5; compare Isaiah 66:19, where Meshech should be read instead of “that draw the bow”). It is thought that the “Tibareni and Moschi” of the classical writers refer to the same people. Doubtless they appear in the annals of Assyria as enemies of that country under the names Tabali and Mushki—the latter the descendants of Meshech and the former those of Tubal to whom the term “Tibareni” may refer in the clause above. This juxtaposition of names is in harmony with practically every appearance of the word in Scripture. It is seldom named without some one of the others—Tubal, Javan, Gog and Magog. It is this which forms a good justification for making the suggested change in Isaiah 66:19, where Meshech would be in the usual company of Tubal and Javan. Ezekiel mentions them several times, first, as engaged in contributing to the trade of Tyre (Tiras of Genesis 10:2?), in “vessels of brass” and—very significantly—slaves; again there is the association of Javan and Tubal with them (Ezekiel 27:13); second, they are included in his weird picture of the under-world: “them that go down into the pit” (Ezekiel 32:18, 32:26). They are mentioned again with Gog and Magog twice as those against whom the prophet is to “set his face” (Ezekiel 38:2, 38:3; 39:1).

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Author: International Std. Bible Encyclopedia

Keywords: Meshech, Mesech

Bible reference(s): Gen 10:2, 1Ch 1:5, 1Ch 1:17, Psa 120:5, Isa 66:19, Ezekiel 27:13, Ezekiel 32:26, Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 39:1

Source: James Orr (editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 5 volume set.

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