The narratives in Matthew 4 and Luke 4 are both put in the objective form.¹ “When the tempter came to him, he said . . . Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, and saith unto him . . . Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain...and saith unto him... Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan... Then the devil leaveth him...” and so on.
Only a conviction that the objective view of the tempter is untenable has impelled some Bible students to adopt the subjective theory² as the only one which, to them, seems to fit the circumstances.
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Author: P. H. Adams
Keywords: Evil Inclination, Yezer hara, Yezer ha ra, Yeser hara, Yeser ha ra, Yetzer, Yetser, Yetzer ha ra, Yetzer hara, Satan, The adversary, Devil, The devil, Evil One, Angel of Death, Death angel, Fallen angels, Dualism, Jesus's temptation, Jesus' temptation, Temptation in the wilderness, Temptation, Jesus tempted, Jesus tempted in the wilderness, Tempted in the wilderness, Tempter, Yetser hara, Yetser ha ra, Evil impulse, Evil urge
Bible reference(s): Matthew 4:3-11, Mar 1:12-13, Luke 4:2-13
Source: “The Temptation of Jesus Christ,” The Testimony, Vol. 27, No. 313, January 1957, pg. 31. Used with permission.
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