The Holy Spirit: A Metaphor for God’s Action and Power

The Holy Spirit is sent or given only by God, not by Jesus. It is not a person for it can be poured out and is referred to in the Greek in the neutral, as “it” or “which” rather than “he” or “she” (NAB, p. 1159 fn 14.17). It is the breath of God that gives, sustains and ends life. It provides humans with the skills necessary for effecting God’s work and confirms people in office. It gives people God’s gift of faith in Christ. It makes things and people holy, sanctifies them, dedicates them to God. It provides God’s help to believers, guiding and teaching them, witnessing to them, giving God’s and Christ’s presence, interceding and comforting them, inspiring them by God breathing prophetic powers into prophets and foretelling the Christ, and imparting God’s love to them.

The Holy Spirit is not a person. Things are attributed to it that are impersonal and could not done by any person, such as being poured or shed out, being given or bestowed by God, people drinking into it, being given in double measure (divided) and given in parts, producing first-fruits of itself, being able to be taken away in whole or in part, being quenched, being unable to speak for itself but only what it hears; it proceeds from another (John 15:26); it is of God (1 Corinthians 2:12) but God is not of the Holy Spirit (Rees 1818, p. 289).

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Keywords: Holy Spirit, Spirit of God, God's spirit, Holy Ghost, personified, Personification, God's Spirit personified, breath of God, wind of God, God's breath, power of God, God's power, Spirit of Yahweh, Spirit of YHWH, YHWH's spirit, Yahweh's spirit, The Spirit, Spirit of Elohim, Shekinah, Shekhinah, Divine spirit, Metonym for God, Metonym, Ruah ha-Kodesh, Ruach ha-Kodesh, Ruach, Ruah, Bat Kol, Bath Kol, Voice of God, The Law personified, Scripture personified, God personified, Divine voice, Holy Spirit is a she, Holy spirit as a woman, Holy Spirit is feminine, Feminine Holy Spirit, Female Holy Spirit, Daughter of the voice, Vox dei, spirit of Christ

Bible reference(s): Genesis 1:2, Genesis 6:3, Genesis 41:38, Exodus 31:3, Exodus 35:31, Numbers 24:2, Judges 3:10, Judges 6:34, Judges 11:29, Judges 13:25, Judges 14:6, Judges 14:19, Judges 15:14, 1 Samuel 10:6, 1 Samuel 10:10, 1 Samuel 11:6, 1 Samuel 16:13, 1 Samuel 16:14, 1 Samuel 19:20, 1 Samuel 19:23, 2 Samuel 23:2, 1 Kings 18:12, 1 Kings 22:24, 2 Kings 2:16, 2 Chronicles 15:1, 2 Chronicles 18:23, 2 Chronicles 20:14, 2 Chronicles 24:20, Nehemiah 9:30, Job 27:3, Job 33:4, Psalms 51:11, Psalms 104:30, Psalms 139:7, Psalms 143:10, Isaiah 11:2, Isaiah 40:13, Isaiah 42:1, Isaiah 44:3, Isaiah 59:21, Isaiah 61:1, Isaiah 63:10, Isaiah 63:11, Isaiah 63:14, Ezekiel 3:14, Ezekiel 11:5, Ezekiel 11:24, Ezekiel 36:27, Ezekiel 37:1, Ezekiel 37:14, Ezekiel 39:29, Joel 2:28-29, Haggai 2:5, Zechariah 4:6, Micah 2:7, Micah 3:8, Matthew 1:18, Matthew 1:20, Matthew 3:11, Matthew 3:16, Matthew 12:28, Matthew 12:32, Matthew 28:19, Mark 1:8, Mark 3:29, Mark 12:36, Mark 13:11, Luke 1:15, Luke 1:35, Luke 1:41, Luke 1:67, Luke 2:25, Luke 2:26, Luke 3:16, Luke 3:22, Luke 4:1, Luke 4:18, Luke 10:21, Luke 11:13, Luke 12:10, Luke 12:12, John 1:33, John 14:26, John 20:22, Acts 1:2, Acts 1:5, Acts 1:8, Acts 1:16, Acts 2:4, Acts 2:17-18, Acts 2:33, Acts 2:38, Acts 4:8, Acts 4:25, Acts 4:31, Acts 5:3, Acts 5:9, Acts 5:32, Acts 6:5, Acts 7:51, Acts 7:55, Acts 8:15, Acts 8:17, Acts 8:19, Acts 8:39, Acts 9:17, Acts 9:31, Acts 10:38, Acts 10:44, Acts 10:45, Acts 10:47, Acts 11:15, Acts 11:16, Acts 11:24, Acts 13:2, Acts 13:4, Acts 13:9, Acts 13:52, Acts 15:8, Acts 15:28, Acts 16:6, Acts 16:7, Acts 19:2, Acts 19:6, Acts 20:23, Acts 20:28, Acts 21:11, Acts 28:25, Romans 5:5, Romans 8:9, Romans 8:14, Romans 9:1, Romans 14:17, Romans 15:13, Romans 15:16, Romans 15:19, 1 Corinthians 2:11, 1 Corinthians 2:14, 1 Corinthians 3:16, 1 Corinthians 6:19, 1 Corinthians 7:40, 1 Corinthians 12:3, 2 Corinthians 3:17, 2 Corinthians 6:6, 2 Corinthians 13:14, Ephesians 1:13, Ephesians 4:30, Philippians 1:19, 1 Thessalonians 1:5, 1 Thessalonians 1:6, 1 Thessalonians 4:8, 2 Timothy 1:14, Titus 3:5, Hebrews 2:4, Hebrews 3:7, Hebrews 6:4, Hebrews 9:8, Hebrews 10:15, 1 Peter 1:11, 1 Peter 1:12, 2 Peter 1:21, 1 John 4:2, Jude 1:20, Susanna 1:45, Wisdom of Solomon 1:7, Wisdom of Solomon 9:17, 2 Esdras 14:22

Source: Mark McCabe“An Examination into the Trinity and the Divinity of Christ from Biblical Exegesis and the Greek Text with Reference to the Apostles’ Beliefs as the Teaching Received from Christ,” 2016, pp. 18-9.

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