Der Judenstaat (German, literally The Jews’ State, commonly rendered as The Jewish State) is a pamphlet written by Theodor Herzl and published in February 1896 in Leipzig and Vienna by M. Breitenstein’s Verlags-Buchhandlung. It is subtitled with “Versuch einer modernen Lösung der Judenfrage”, “Proposal of a modern solution for the Jewish question” and originally called “Address to the Rothschilds”, referring to the Rothschild family banking dynasty, as Herzl planned to deliver it as a speech to the Rothschild family. Baron Edmond de Rothschild rejected Herzl’s plan feeling that it threatened Jews in the Diaspora. He also thought it would put his own settlements at risk.
It is considered one of the most important texts of early Zionism. As expressed in this book, Herzl envisioned the founding of a future independent Jewish state during the 20th century. He argued that the best way to avoid antisemitism in Europe was to create this independent Jewish state. The book was used to encourage Jews from all across Europe to purchase land in Palestine. In Der Judenstaat, Herzl noted the possibility of a Jewish state in Argentina.
Herzl popularized the term “Zionism,” which was coined by Nathan Birnbaum. The nationalist movement culminated in the birth of the State of Israel in 1948, but Zionism continues to be connected with political support of the State of Israel.
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Keywords: Der Judenstaat, Herzl, Theodore Herzl, aliyah, Theodor Herzl, Herzle, Herzel, Theodore Herzel, Theodor Herzel, Jewish homeland, History of the Jews, Jewish history, History of Israel, Israelite history, ethnic cleansing, Diaspora, Jewish diaspora, racial extermination, extermination, Hitler, Adolf Hitler, Adolph Hitler, German Nazis, Schindler's List, Holocaust, Shoah, Nazi concentration camps, Nuremberg Laws, Extermination camp, Final Solution, Jewish question, Auschwitz concentration camp, Auschwitz, Nazi Germany, Jews destroyed, Genocide, Concentration camps, Jewish genocide, Jews genocide, 1948, Birth of Israel, State of Israel, Israeli state, Jewish state, Jewish statehood, restoration of Israel
Bible reference(s): Deuteronomy 30:3, 1 Kings 14:15, Nehemiah 1:8, Psalm 53:6, Psalm 83:4, Psalm 106:27, Jeremiah 9:16, Jeremiah 13:24, Jeremiah 16:14-15, Jeremiah 23:3, Jeremiah 29:14, Jeremiah 30:3, Jeremiah 31:8, Jeremiah 31:36-37, Jeremiah 32:37, Jeremiah 33:7, Jeremiah 46:27-28, Jeremiah 50:19-20, Ezekiel 5:10, Ezekiel 6:8, Ezekiel 11:16-17, Ezekiel 20:23, Ezekiel 20:34, Ezekiel 20:41, Ezekiel 22:15, Ezekiel 28:25, Ezekiel 36:19, Ezek 37, Ezekiel 39:26-27, Hosea 6:11, Joel 3:1-2, Amos 9:14-15, Oba 1:19-20, Zephaniah 3:19-20, Zechariah 10:10, Luke 21:24, Romans 11:25-26
Source: This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “Der Judenstaat,” which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
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