sōl (נפשׁ, nephesh; ψυχή, psuchḗ; Latin anima):

1. Shades of Meaning in the Old Testament:

(1) Soul, like spirit, has various shades of meaning in the Old Testament, which may be summarized as follows: “Soul,” “living being,” “life,” “self,” “person,” “desire,” “appetite,” “emotion” and “passion” (BDB under the word). In the first instance it meant that which breathes, and as such is distinguished from bāsār, “flesh” (Isaiah 10:18; Deuteronomy 12:23); from she‘ēr, “the inner flesh,” next the bones (Proverbs 11:17, “his own flesh”); from beṭen, “belly” (Psalms 31:10, “My soul and my belly are consumed with grief”), etc.

To continue reading this Bible article, click here.

Author: International Std. Bible Encyclopedia

Keywords: Soul, Immortal soul, Immortal spirit, Psyche, Psuche, Nephesh, Pneuma, Ruach, Cannot kill the soul, Undying soul, Undieing soul, Immortality of the soul, Immortality, Soul and spirit, Body and soul, breath of life, Life, Intermediate state, Life after death, Soul sleep

Source: James Orr (editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 5 volume set.

Page indexed by: inWORD Bible Software.