Mandatory Palestine (Arabic: فلسطين Filasṭīn; Hebrew: פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י) Pālēśtīnā (EY), where “EY” indicates “Eretz Yisrael,” Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Southern Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948. During its existence it was known simply as Palestine, but, in retrospect, as distinguishers, a variety of other names and descriptors have been used to refer to it, including Mandatory or Mandate Palestine, the British Mandate of Palestine and British Palestine.
During the First World War (1914–18), an Arab uprising and the British Empire’s Egyptian Expeditionary Force under General Edmund Allenby drove the Turks out of the Levant during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. The United Kingdom had agreed in the McMahon–Hussein Correspondence that it would honour Arab independence if they revolted against the Ottomans, but the two sides had different interpretations of this agreement, and in the end the UK and France divided up the area under the Sykes–Picot Agreement—an act of betrayal in the eyes of the Arabs. Further confusing the issue was the Balfour Declaration of 1917, promising British support for a Jewish “national home” in Palestine. At the war’s end the British and French set up a joint “Occupied Enemy Territory Administration” in what had been Ottoman Syria. The British achieved legitimacy for their continued control by obtaining a mandate from the League of Nations in June 1922. The formal objective of the League of Nations Mandate system was to administer parts of the defunct Ottoman Empire, which had been in control of the Middle East since the 16th century, “until such time as they are able to stand alone.” The civil Mandate administration was formalized with the League of Nations’ consent in 1923 under the British Mandate for Palestine, which covered two administrative areas. The land west of the Jordan River, known as Palestine, was under direct British administration until 1948. The land east of the Jordan, a semi-autonomous region known as Transjordan, under the rule of the Hashemite family from the Hijaz, gained independence in 1946.
The divergent tendencies regarding the nature and purpose of the mandate are visible already in the discussions concerning the name for this new entity. According to the Minutes of the Ninth Session of the League of Nations’ Permanent Mandate Commission:
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Keywords: British mandate, Mandatory Palestine, Palestine mandate, Palestinian mandate, World Zionist Organization, Herzl, Theodore Herzl, Theodor Herzl, Herzle, Herzel, Theodore Herzel, Theodor Herzel, Jewish homeland, History of the Jews, Jewish history, History of Israel, Israelite history, ethnic cleansing, Diaspora, Jewish diaspora, racial extermination, extermination, Hitler, Adolf Hitler, Adolph Hitler, German Nazis, Schindler's List, Holocaust, Shoah, Nazi concentration camps, Nuremberg Laws, Extermination camp, Final Solution, Jewish question, Auschwitz concentration camp, Auschwitz, Nazi Germany, Jews destroyed, Genocide, Concentration camps, Jewish genocide, Jews genocide, 1948, Birth of Israel, State of Israel, Israeli state, Der Judenstaat, Jewish state, Jewish statehood, Atchalta De'Geulah, Geulah, Gathering of Israel, Ingathering, Ingathering of Jews, Restoration of the Israeli state, Restoration of the Jewish state, Jewish state
Bible reference(s): Deuteronomy 30:3, 1 Kings 14:15, Nehemiah 1:8, Psalm 53:6, Psalm 83:4, Psalm 106:27, Jeremiah 9:16, Jeremiah 13:24, Jeremiah 16:14-15, Jeremiah 23:3, Jeremiah 29:14, Jeremiah 30:3, Jeremiah 31:8, Jeremiah 31:36-37, Jeremiah 32:37, Jeremiah 33:7, Jeremiah 46:27-28, Jeremiah 50:19-20, Ezekiel 5:10, Ezekiel 6:8, Ezekiel 11:16-17, Ezekiel 20:23, Ezekiel 20:34, Ezekiel 20:41, Ezekiel 22:15, Ezekiel 28:25, Ezekiel 36:19, Ezek 37, Ezekiel 39:26-27, Hosea 6:11, Joel 3:1-2, Amos 9:14-15, Oba 1:19-20, Zephaniah 3:19-20, Zechariah 10:10, Luke 21:24, Romans 11:25-26
Source: This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “Mandatory Palestine,” which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
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