The Comma Johanneum, also called the Johannine Comma or the Heavenly Witnesses, is a comma (a short clause) found in some manuscripts of the First Epistle of John at 5:7–8. The scholarly consensus is that that passage is a Latin corruption that entered the Greek manuscript tradition in some subsequent copies. The Comma and the question of its authenticity have particular bearing on the development of the theological doctrine of the Trinity, which is central to most mainstream Christian denominations.
The text of the Comma, distinguished from the surrounding text in italics, reads:
In 1516, Desiderius Erasmus published the first modern Greek critical text, Novum Instrumentum omne. He subsequently produced four more editions. The first two lacked the Comma, which was first included in the 1522 edition of his Greek New Testament. It subsequently appeared in every later edition of the Greek New Testament that came to be called Textus Receptus. Thus the Comma is found in the most widely used translations of the New Testament before 1881, when the English Revised Version was published without the Comma; but, from the early 18th century onwards, several individual translators omitted it. Versions from this period which contain it include the Geneva Bible, the King James Version (KJV), Young’s and both the Rheims New Testament and the Ronald Knox translations which are Roman Catholic.
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Keywords: Comma Johanneum, Johannine comma, Johanine comma, Johanine coma, Johannine coma, John's coma, John's comma, Spurious verse, Spurious, Forgery, Forged text, Inserted text, Text inserted, Verse inserted Johannine comma, Scriptures corrupt, Corruption, Trinity, Three gods, Three witnesses, Father Son Holy Spirit, Father Son Holy Ghost, Father Son Spirit, Blood and water, Water and spirit, Bogus passage, Fake passage, Scribal error, Scribal forgery, Trinitarian, Trinitarianism, Triunity, Erasmus
Bible reference(s): 1 John 5:7-8
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