Primitive Baptists – also known as Hard Shell Baptists or Old School Baptists – are conservative Baptists adhering to a degree of Calvinist beliefs that coalesced out of the controversy among Baptists in the early 1800s over the appropriateness of mission boards, tract societies, and temperance societies. The adjective “Primitive” in the name conveys the sense of “original”.
This controversy over whether churches or members should participate in mission boards, Bible tract societies, and temperance societies led the Primitive Baptists to separate from other general Baptist groups that supported such organizations, and to make declarations of opposition to such organizations in articles like the Kehukee Association Declaration of 1827.
Primitive Baptist churches arose in the mountainous regions of the southeastern United States, where they are found in their greatest numbers.
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Keywords: Primitive Baptists, Primitive Baptist church, baptist church, baptists, baptist
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